The Bosphorus Strait is a section of water that unites the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, but divides Anatolia and European Turkey. Throughout history, various sections of the shore have been fortified by Byzantine emperors and Ottoman sultans to protect their side from attack. As the Bosphorus Strait is straddled by the city of Istanbul, much of the shoreline can be seen either dotted with villages or heavily populated with resorts, villas, and fine residences. In recent years, there are two bridges that have been constructed to connect the opposing sides. The strait has become a popular fishing ground due to the seasonal migration route of fish moving to and from the Black Sea.
Currency: Turkish lira (TRY)